The Special Educational Needs (SEN) service, works with children and young people with disabilities and special educational needs that makes it harder for them to learn, than most children of the same age. These children need extra help and support in education to enable them to maximize their learning potential.
The term Special Education Needs encompasses a wide range learning needs but the Code of Practice states these children may need extra help and support because of a range of additional needs: This can include:
- Communication and interaction;
- Cognition and learning;
- Social, emotional and mental health difficulties; and
- Sensory and/or physical needs.
The Equality Act 2010 defines a person with a disability as someone who has a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on his or her ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.
The definition of disability encompasses a broader range of impairments than might be commonly assumed, including children with autism, those with Tourette's syndrome and those with communication, emotional and behavioural difficulties.